A recent study based on an analysis conducted in the Netherlands suggests a correlation between breast implants and anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL). The study has been documented in an article published last week in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).
The study, titled "Anaplastic Large-Cell Lymphoma in Women with Breast Implants," was initiated to determine whether or not ALCL risk is associated with breast prostheses.
The study’s authors identified two patients with anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma negative for tyrosine kinase anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK-negative) in the fibrous capsule of silicone breast prostheses, placed for cosmetic reasons. The study’s preliminary findings suggest an association between silicone breast prostheses and ALCL, although the absolute risk is exceedingly low due to the rare occurrence of ALCL of the breast (11 cases in the Netherlands in 17 years).